Health Risks Of Extra Weight

Being overweight or obese puts a person at risk of developing conditions such as heart disease and diabetes. Being overweight is determined by body mass index (BMI), which is calculated based on a person’s height and weight. Extra weight alone can increase a person’s risk for serious heart and endocrine disorders, even without any family history.

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Weight’s impact on the heart

More than 40% of the US population is affected by obesity. Obesity is known to increase cholesterol, blood sugar, and blood pressure (BP). The excess weight can cause heart diseases such as atherosclerosis, left atrial enlargement, left ventricular hypertrophy, and atrial fibrillation.

Increased risk for diabetes

Obesity can also affect a person’s blood sugar level, increasing the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. When a person has type 2 diabetes the cells do not respond to insulin, and medication is needed. A person with type 2 diabetes is at risk of developing complications if diabetes is not controlled. Some complications include neuropathy, retinopathy, nephropathy, and heart disease.

Managing weight with diet

Lowering weight can greatly improve health and reduce the risk of developing medical conditions. Dietary changes are the best way to lose pounds safely. In a weight loss diet, fewer calories are consumed. Studies show that a Mediterranean diet is also beneficial for health. The Mediterranean diet includes plenty of green vegetables, legumes, fruits, whole grains, nuts, fish, eggs, and dairy. To achieve optimal results, consult a nutritionist to develop a dietary plan.

Move more to lose weight

Another best practice for losing weight is to move more. Exercising for 30 minutes 5 days a week is usually sufficient to help an individual drop some pounds. Doing activities that one enjoys is advisable such as brisk walking, swimming, jogging, running, or dancing. Keep track of the activities performed and weight changes during the week to stay motivated.

Alternative options for treating obesity

Other than lifestyle changes, there are some other methods that can help with weight loss such as bariatric surgery, medications, and behavioral therapies. Getting into a smoking cessation program can also benefit one’s health. If planning to lose weight, talk to the healthcare provider for advice.

Weight can change

Being overweight does increase a person’s chance of developing heart disease and diabetes. However, there are ways to prevent such complications, including exercising and making changes to diet. Even a small decrease in a person’s weight can make a difference and lower the risk of diseases.