Heart disease is a broad term that describes a few different conditions that affects a person’s cardiovascular health. The cardiovascular or circulatory system is comprised of the heart and surrounding arteries, veins, and capillaries. Arteries pump blood away from the heart and veins deliver blood to the heart. The capillaries are small blood vessels that transfer fluids and gases from the tissues to the blood. Heart diseases can affect any or all of these areas. Some foods can improve heart health and lower the risk of heart disease.
What is the most common type of heart disease?
Coronary artery disease (CAD), also known as coronary heart disease, is a very well-known heart condition. This disease often leads to heart attacks. When the coronary arteries develop plaque buildup and struggle to deliver blood to the heart, CAD occurs. Plaque is the result of cholesterol deposits clogging up the arteries. CAD symptoms include chest pain, shortness of breath, lightheadedness, and arm pain.
Is there any way to prevent heart disease?
Some of the best ways to prevent or delay heart disease are to exercise, eat a healthy balanced diet, and stop smoking tobacco products. Obesity is a major contributing factor to heart disease and unhealthy foods are filled with fats that lead to high cholesterol. Research also shows that certain foods can help patients maintain heart health. What are the foods that can improve heart health?
1. Spinach and kale
Leafy green vegetables like spinach and kale are great for the body. These foods are high in minerals and nutrients. Spinach is high in fiber along with vitamins A, C, and K. Vitamin K helps with blood clotting which is beneficial to the heart’s arteries and veins. Kale is filled with potassium, a mineral that helps regulate the heartbeat and blood pressure.
2. Whole grains
Whole grain foods are rich in fiber, and this keeps blood cholesterol levels low, reducing the risk of heart disease. Wheat bread and brown rice also contain a plethora of B vitamins like vitamin B2, B3, and B9. B vitamins help reduce the risk of heart disease and heart failure by boosting the immune system and improving blood circulation.
Salmon is a fish that contains a high amount of omega-3 fatty acids. The omega-3 fatty acid complex is made of alpha-linolenic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid. These acids are part of the body’s cell membranes and reduce the number of triglycerides in the body. Triglyceride is the name for the fat stored in the blood. High triglyceride levels increase the risk of heart disease.
Should I work with my doctor to create a heart-healthy diet?
Patients should consult a doctor before making any major dietary changes. Doctors can also refer the patient to nutritionists and cardiologists to further monitor the body. A consultation with a doctor is a good idea for patients dealing with heart issues.